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Error Checking

In the case of both Microsoft® Visual Basic® and Java, if an error occurs within the method, the method will throw an exception. The script or program must check for these exceptions separately from the return value.

For C++, the return value is always an HRESULT, and indicates whether the method call succeeded or failed. If the call failed then the return value indicates why it failed.

Error Checking For Microsoft Visual Basic

Microsoft® Visual Basic® VBScript uses the Err object's Number property to check for errors, as shown in the example code that follows.

The properties of the Err object are set by the generator of an error ¾ Visual Basic, an OLE object, or the Visual Basic programmer. The default property of the Err object is Number. Err.Number contains an integer and can be used by an Automation object to return an SCode.

When a run-time error occurs, the properties of the Err object are filled with information that uniquely identifies the error and information that can be used to handle it. To generate a run-time error in your code, use the Raise method.

The Err object's properties are reset to zero or zero-length strings ("") after a On Error Resume Next statement and after an Exit Sub or Exit Function statement within an error-handling routine. The Clear method can be used to explicitly reset Err.

The Err object is an intrinsic object with global scope ¾ there is no need to create an instance of it in your code. The following is an example using a function from the Microsoft® CryptoAPI 2.0:

Set CertObj = StoreObj.FindCertificate(0, 0, &H50000, _
                BlobApi.I4ToBlobString(2), Nothing, CertObj)
            If err.Number <> 0 Then
                If err.Number <> &H80092111 Then
                    MyWriteLn "FindCertificate err = " &Hex(err.Number)
                End If
                GetSignCert = Null
                MyWriteLn "No Signer Cert"
                Exit Function
            End If
 

Error Checking For Java

ComFailException indicates a failure. The exception object wraps an HRESULT, the return type for most methods in the Component Object Model (COM). The default value of the HRESULT stored in a ComFailException is E_FAIL (0x80004005L). All failure HRESULTs have their most significant bit set.

The values of system-defined HRESULTs can be found in WINERROR.H, included with the Microsoft® Platform SDK. For object specific errors, see the documentation associated with the object.

For system-defined errors, the detail message stored in the ComException object is the string returned by the Microsoft Win32® API function FormatMessage, which returns a brief message associated with the error. This detail message can be retrieved by calling getMessage (defined by the Throwable class).

The following code is an example of testing the ComFailException using a function from the Microsoft® CryptoAPI 2.0:

try {
    certObj = (ICertificate) storeObj.FindCertificate(0, 0,
        0x50000,  blobApi.I4ToBlobString(2), null, certObj);
} catch (ComFailException e) {
    if (e.getHResult() != 0x80092111)
        TextIO.writeLn("FindCertificate err = " +
            TextIO.toUString(e.getHResult()));
    TextIO.writeLn("No Signer Cert");
    return null;
}
 

Error Checking For C++

C++ directly returns HRESULT values that can be used for error checking, as the following code fragment demonstrates. For example error codes, see the list of error codes in the "Common HRESULT Values" section that follows.

HRESULT hr;
BSTR strAttributeName = SysAllocString("TheAttribute");
BSTR strAttributeValue = SysAllocStringByteLen("", 49);

hr = pICertServerPolicy->GetRequestAttribute(
                                strAttributeName,
                                &strAttributeValue);
if(S_OK != hr)          // If the function failed.
{
    if(E_INVALIDARG == hr); 
            ; // Do something
}
 

Common HRESULT Values

The following table lists the values of common HRESULT values.

Name Description Value
S_OK Operation successful 0x00000000
E_UNEXPECTED Unexpected failure 0x8000FFFF
E_NOTIMPL Not implemented 0x80004001
E_OUTOFMEMORY Failed to allocate necessary memory 0x8007000E
E_INVALIDARG One or more arguments are invalid 0x80070057
E_NOINTERFACE No such interface supported 0x80004002
E_POINTER Invalid pointer 0x80004003
E_HANDLE Invalid handle 0x80070006
E_ABORT Operation aborted 0x80004004
E_FAIL Unspecified failure 0x80004005
E_ACCESSDENIED General access denied error 0x80070005
E_NOTIMPL Not implemented 0x80000001


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