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Recently I decided to perform little changes on my OCSP Responder. I'm using offline CA (root) and have configured to include OCSP URL to all issued certificates. But some time I haven't OCSP configuration for my root CA. And today I have completed all changes and now Root CA issues OCSP signing certs for appropriate OCSP configuration.
You can find required info about the subject on TechNet: Online Responder Installation, Configuration, and Troubleshooting Guide or in AskDS blog: Implementing an OCSP responder: Part IV - Configuring OCSP for use with Standalone CAs. However both links contains incorrect settings, therefore I'll post correct steps.
Disclaimer: this article contains information about modifying the IIS configuration files. Before you modify the IIS configuration file, make sure to back it up and make sure that you understand how to restore the file if a problem occurs.
This article contains information about unsupported operations. Before you modify any settings described below, make sure to backup your system and make sure that you understand how to restore the system if a problem occurs
A little abstract. The Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) is an Internet protocol used for obtaining the revocation status of an X.509 digital certificate. Why it has been developed? Prior to OCSP, clients checks certificate status (valid/revoked) using certificate revocation lists (CRLs). Client software downloads certificate issuer CRL file and examines its Revocation List property. If particular certificate serial number is present in CRL, certificate is considered as revoked or invalid and is rejected for usage. While CRLs may contain many revoked certificates, CRL size is grown. Typically empty CRL with default settings is about 600 bytes (the CRL size generally depends on field and extension textual information length and signing certificate key length). Each revoked certificate entry is about 80 bytes. If 10 certificates are revoked, CRL size will be: 600 + 80 * 10 = 1400 bytes. For 100 revoked certificates the size will be about 9 kilobytes. For 100 000 revoked certificates, the size will be approximately 8 megabytes.